Embedded systems are part and parcel of every modern electronic component. These are low power consumption units that are used to run specific tasks for example remote controls, washing machines, microwave ovens, RFID tags , sensors, actuators and thermostats used in various applications, networking hardware such as switches, routers, modems, mobile phones, PDAs, etc.
Usually embedded devices are a part of a larger device where they perform specific task of the device. For example embedded systems are used as networked thermostats in Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems, in Home Automation embedded systems are used as wired or wireless networking to automate and control lights, security, audio/visual systems, sense climate change, monitoring, etc.
Embedded systems will also be at the cornerstone for the deployment of many Internet of Things (IoT) solutions, especially within certain industry verticals and Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) applications.
Major players in embedded system hardware and software developments are aiming to bring these transformations into their products to take advantage of growing IoT market. The areas that are going to transform are Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS) and microprocessors and microcontrollers, followed by memory footprints and networking, open source communities and developers.